Title : Updates, research, and approaches to cardiac rehabilitation and exercise guidelines for patients with cardiovascular conditions
Abstract: An overview of the history, application, referral, and administration process associated with cardiac rehabilitation programs will be accompanied by research findings observed by the author, collaborative research partners, and contemporary best practice research of the physical, psychological, and environmental outcomes among heart patients within an exercise setting. Specifically, the physiological benefits, psychological enablers and barriers, and opportunities for policy and environmental changes promoting exercise and reducing cardiovascular disease risk will be examined. American Association of Cardiovascular Rehabilitation (AACVPR) recommendations and changes in exercise screening and risk stratification strategies published by the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM) will be reviewed and connected with resources (such as Exercise is Medicine/ACSM) for referring physicians and allied health providers in cardiology. These updates will be compared to international organization recommendations. Given that cardiovascular disease accounts for over 30% of worldwide deaths  within the context of approximately 80% of the American population  and 30% of the world-wide population not regularly exercising , how can we promote safe and enjoyable exercise behaviours among patients with cardiovascular disease conditions and/or risk factors? International population-based exercise promotion programs targeting individuals with cardiovascular disease will also be examined due to the importance of promoting exercise within and outside of medical care.