HYBRID EVENT: You can participate in person at Paris, France or Virtually from your home or work.

3rd Edition of Cardiology World Conference

September 14-15, 2022 | Hybrid Event

September 14 -15, 2022 | Paris, France
CWC 2021

Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to ischemic heart disease (IHD) associated with natural disasters: A worldwide population-based ecological study

Qianlan Tao, Speaker at Speaker for CWC Conference- Qianlan Tao
Hospital of Chengdu Medical College, China
Title : Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to ischemic heart disease (IHD) associated with natural disasters: A worldwide population-based ecological study

Abstract:

Background: Recent studies have reported an association between natural disasters of various kinds and ischemic heart disease (IHD). We investigated the association between Disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) due to IHD and natural disasters, and aimed to assess DALYs as a quantification of the burden of IHD related to natural disasters at the global level.

Methods: Country-specific data of natural disaster impacts, DALYs due to IHD and socioeconomic variables, were obtained from open sources for two equal periods(1990–2003 and 2004–2017). A population-based trend ecological design was conducted to estimate the association between trends in DALYs and natural disasters (occurrence, casualties and total damage), adjusting for socioeconomic variables.

Results: Most countries have experienced increases in natural disaster occurrences and decreases in DALYs during this study period. The unadjusted correlation analysis demonstrated a positive and significant correlation between DALYs and natural disasters for females and for both sexes (R=0.163 and 0.146, p=0.024 and 0.043), and a marginally significant correlation for males(R=0.128, p=0.076). After adjusting for socioeconomic variables, multiple linear regression demonstrated independent associations between the occurrence and DALYs due to IHD for males, females and both sexes (standardized coefficients=0.192, 0.23 and 0.187, p=0.016,0.004 and 0.022).

Conclusions: A weak but significantly positive association between natural disaster and IHD was confirmed and quantified at the global level by this DALY metric analysis. Adaptation strategies for natural disaster responses and IHD disease burden reduction need to be developed.

 

Biography:

I'm a postgraduate student in Chengdu Medical College graduated from Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine. During the undergraduate period, I won several national and university-level scholarships and was awarded as an outstanding graduate. 

Published papers: 
1. Changes in ischemic heart disease mortality at the global level and their associations with natural disasters: A 28-year ecological trend study in 193 countries DOI:  10.1371/journal.pone.0254459 
2. Disability-Adjusted Life Years (DALYs) Due to Ischemic Heart Disease (IHD) Associated with Natural Disasters: A Worldwide Population-Based Ecological Study DOI:  10.5334/gh.919

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