Title : Type D Personality as a Predictor of COVID-19-related Dysfunctional Anxiety and Psychological Trauma
Abstract: A significant relationship exists between personality type and cardiovascular health, particularly among individuals with Type D personality. Individuals with Type D personality are at significantly higher risk of recurrent cardiac episodes, myocardial infarction, poorer outcome following a myocardial infarction, and premature cardiac-related death compared to individuals that are not Type D personality. The purpose of this study was to determine whether patients with Type D personality were at higher risk of experiencing COVID-19-related dysfunctional anxiety and psychological trauma. Using a cross-sectional design, 203 individuals with Type D and non-Type D personality were compared. Demographic, clinical, and psychological data was collected. Correlation test, independent sample t-test, odd ratio, and Chi Square analysis were used to examine the relationship between Type D personality, dysfunctional anxiety, and psychological trauma while adjusting for demographic, clinical, and psychological factors. The probability of experiencing dysfunctional anxiety and psychological trauma was greater among individuals who had a Type D personality. Individuals with a Type D personality were more likely to suffer debilitating stress and be particularly affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Type D personality is a predictor of COVID-19-related dysfunctional anxiety and psychologic trauma. The implication for the cardiovascular and medical professionals is that particular attention should be paid to patients showing signs of negative affectivity, social inhibition, dysfunctional anxiety, and psychological distress and effort should be made to determine if the individual is a Type D personality as these are at higher risk of suffering cardiovascular event and have poor cardiovascular and mental health outcomes during the pandemic.