Radisson Hotel Narita
286-0221 Chiba Tomisato- shi Nakaei
650-35 Tokyo, Japan
Phone : 1 (702) 988 2320
Toll Free: 1800–883-8082
Email: cardiology@magnusmeetings.com
October 24-25, 2019 | Tokyo, Japan

Shiyou Chen

Keynote speaker at Cardiology Conferences- Shiyou Chen
Shiyou Chen
University of Georgia, USA
Title : TGF-B signaling in smooth muscle differentiation and vascular remodeling

Abstract:

Vascular smooth muscle (SM) plays a fundamental role in embryonic development and in adult life, whereas abnormal SM differentiation or phenotypic modulation is associated with congenital heart diseases, atherosclerosis, restenosis following angioplasty, post-transplant vasculopathy, and hypertension. SM differentiation is the differentiation of mature SM from progenitors, while SM phenotype modulation is a process that the mature SM loses their contractile phenotype and acquires a synthetic/proliferative phenotype due to the down-regulation of SM contractile proteins. During the vasculogenesis or angiogenesis, SM progenitors are recruited to the endothelial cell (EC) tube, where they differentiate to SM under the stimulation of various growth factors/cytokines. The newly differentiated SMC participates in the regulation of vasculogenesis or angiogenesis by limiting the excessive EC tube formation. SM could also produce different factors regulating the function of newly formed blood vessel. TGF-β plays a critical role in SM differentiation because knockout of TGF-β ligand, receptors, co-receptors, or downstream signaling molecules causes vascular defects during embryonic development due to the impaired SM differentiation. TGF-β activates both Smad2 and Smad3. Knockout of Smad3 has no major impact on vascular development. However, knockout of Smad2 causes early embryonic lethality. By using neural crest and SM tissue-specific knockout strategy, we found that Smad2 plays an essential role in SM differentiation from neural crest cells. I will discuss the mechanism underlying TGF-β signaling in regulating SMC differentiation from neural crest cells and mesenchymal progenitors and the use of tissue-specific knockout approach to delineate the development of SM during embryonic development and SM function in adult vessels. 

Audience take away: 

 

  • The roles of smooth muscle in vasculogenesis and angiogenesis.
  • Diversity of smooth muscle progenitors.
  • Signaling pathways that mediate TGF-β function.
  • The role of Smad2 in smooth muscle differentiation.
  • Smad2 regulation of smooth muscle function in adult blood vessel.

 

Biography:

Dr. Shiyou Chen earned his PhD in 1993 and is now a tenured full Professor in the Department of Physiology and Pharmacology at the University of Georgia. Research in Dr. Chen’s laboratory focuses on molecular mechanisms controlling smooth muscle phenotypic modulation, vascular remodeling, atherosclerosis, hypertension, aortic aneurysm formation. He has been published more than 100 peer-reviewed papers. He serves as an Editorial Board member for several journals in the cardiovascular field and an ad hoc manuscript reviewer for more than 50 international journals. He has also served as a grant reviewer for various study sections at National Institutes of Health (NIH) and American Heart Association (AHA), etc. He is a member of AHA, The American Physiology Society (APS), Sigma Xi, North American Vascular Biology Organization (NAVBO), American Society of Biochemistry & Molecular Biology (ASBMB), and The American Association of Immunologists.